By Yang Chun
The US Department of Defense (DOD) released the 2021 Global Posture Review (GRP) on November 29, emphasizing the deployment of troops in key global directions and highlighting its ambition to seek hegemony by force, according to foreign media reports. Relevant military trends may have a negative impact on global security and stability.
Military posture reassessment
Nested within the Interim National Security Strategic Guidance by the Biden administration, the GRP assesses posture across major regions outside the US and develops posture adjustments, posture planning guidance and analysis on long-term strategic issues. According to the situation announced by the US military, it mainly covers five regions.
First, strengthen deployment in the Asia-Pacific region. The GRP requires the US to continue to deepen cooperation with allies and partners in the Asia-Pacific region.
Second, increase deterrence in Europe. The GRP believes that the US should strengthen its effective deterrence against Russia and enable NATO forces to operate more effectively.
Third, continue to work in the Middle East. The GRP re-examines the US's approach to the Iran issue and the ever-changing anti-terrorism requirements after the end of its operations in Afghanistan. In Iraq and Syria, the US will continue to support operations against the "Islamic State" and help partners in the Middle East strengthen military construction.
Fourth, safeguard its interests in Africa. The GRP assesses the threats of violent extremist organizations in Africa, and provides recommendations to ensure the diplomatic activities of the US in the region, and protects the rights of the US and its partners.
Fifth, respond to threats in the Americas. The GRP elaborates on the role of the US in national security activities such as humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, and counter-narcotics missions in Central and South America and the Caribbean. The GRP supports the US government to respond to transnational challenges and increase defense cooperation activities in the region.
Long and winding implementation road
In general, the GRP aims to strengthen the global response capabilities of the US military and provide key information support for the upcoming drafts of the National Security Strategy and the National Defense Strategy by the Biden administration. However, it will face many difficulties in the future implementation.
On the one hand, allies of the US have their own plans. The GRP emphasizes the need to strengthen the global military deployment of the US military and requires support from allies. However, the ideas of related allies are not the same. In the Asia-Pacific region, most allies do not want regional instability caused by the strengthening of the US military deployment, and they are cautious or even indifferent to the US military cooperation and forward deployment plans. In Europe, Russia's neighboring countries actively promote the stationing of US military forces, intending to build a security barrier mainly based on the US military.
On the other hand, the US military has the ambition but lacks the capability. European media reported that the GRP requires the US to have the capability to fight two wars in Asia and Europe at the same time. Based on the current level of combat readiness and armament construction, the US can't even deal with one and a half wars, let alone winning two wars. The GRP may drag the US military into the trap of military superstition, making it be stuck in a bottleneck of construction and development.