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US 2021 Global Posture Review highlights ambition to seek hegemony by force

美態勢評估報告凸顯以武力謀取霸權的野心

來源:China Military Online責任編輯:Li Jiayao
2021-12-08 17:00

By Yang Chun

楊淳

The US Department of Defense (DOD) released the 2021 Global Posture Review (GRP) on November 29, emphasizing the deployment of troops in key global directions and highlighting its ambition to seek hegemony by force, according to foreign media reports. Relevant military trends may have a negative impact on global security and stability.

綜合外媒有關報道,美國國防部11月29日發布《2021年全球態勢評估報告》(以下簡稱報告),強調在全球重點方向增加兵力部署,凸顯其以武力謀取霸權的野心。有關軍事動向或將對全球安全穩定產生負面影響。

Military posture reassessment

軍事態勢重新評估

Nested within the Interim National Security Strategic Guidance by the Biden administration, the GRP assesses posture across major regions outside the US and develops posture adjustments, posture planning guidance and analysis on long-term strategic issues. According to the situation announced by the US military, it mainly covers five regions.

報告以拜登政府《臨時國家安全戰略指南》為指導,重點分析美國本土以外主要地區的態勢,并針對長期戰略問題進行態勢分析、規劃指導和調整等。根據美國軍方公布的情況,報告主要涵蓋5個區域。

First, strengthen deployment in the Asia-Pacific region. The GRP requires the US to continue to deepen cooperation with allies and partners in the Asia-Pacific region.

其一,亞太地區加強部署。報告要求美國繼續與亞太地區盟友和伙伴深化合作,以遏制大國潛在的軍事侵略和來自朝鮮的威脅。

Second, increase deterrence in Europe. The GRP believes that the US should strengthen its effective deterrence against Russia and enable NATO forces to operate more effectively.

其二,歐洲地區提升威懾。報告認為,美國應鞏固對俄羅斯侵略的有效威懾力,并使北約部隊能夠更有效地運作。

Third, continue to work in the Middle East. The GRP re-examines the US's approach to the Iran issue and the ever-changing anti-terrorism requirements after the end of its operations in Afghanistan. In Iraq and Syria, the US will continue to support operations against the "Islamic State" and help partners in the Middle East strengthen military construction.

其三,中東地區持續深耕。報告重新審視美國防部處理伊朗問題的方法,及阿富汗行動結束后不斷變化的反恐要求。在伊拉克和敘利亞,美國防部將繼續支持打擊“伊斯蘭國”的行動,并幫助中東地區合作伙伴加強軍事建設。

Fourth, safeguard its interests in Africa. The GRP assesses the threats of violent extremist organizations in Africa, and provides recommendations to ensure the diplomatic activities of the US in the region, and protects the rights of the US and its partners.

其四,非洲地區維護利益。報告對來自非洲地區的暴力極端組織威脅進行評估,為確保美國防部在該地區的外交活動提出建議,保障美國及合作伙伴的權益。

Fifth, respond to threats in the Americas. The GRP elaborates on the role of the US in national security activities such as humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, and counter-narcotics missions in Central and South America and the Caribbean. The GRP supports the US government to respond to transnational challenges and increase defense cooperation activities in the region.

其五,美洲地區應對威脅。報告審查了美國防部在中南美洲和加勒比地區人道主義援助、救災和緝毒任務等國家安全活動中的作用。支持美國政府在該地區應對跨國挑戰和增加國防合作活動。

Long and winding implementation road

執行前景道阻且長

In general, the GRP aims to strengthen the global response capabilities of the US military and provide key information support for the upcoming drafts of the National Security Strategy and the National Defense Strategy by the Biden administration. However, it will face many difficulties in the future implementation.

總的來看,報告旨在加強美軍的全球響應能力,并為拜登政府即將出臺的《國家安全戰略》和《國防戰略》草案提供關鍵信息支撐。未來,報告在執行過程中面臨諸多困難。

On the one hand, allies of the US have their own plans. The GRP emphasizes the need to strengthen the global military deployment of the US military and requires support from allies. However, the ideas of related allies are not the same. In the Asia-Pacific region, most allies do not want regional instability caused by the strengthening of the US military deployment, and they are cautious or even indifferent to the US military cooperation and forward deployment plans. In Europe, Russia's neighboring countries actively promote the stationing of US military forces, intending to build a security barrier mainly based on the US military.

一方面,盟友“各有算盤”。報告強調強化美軍全球軍力布勢,勢必要得到盟友伙伴支持。然而,相關盟友伙伴的想法并不一致。在亞太地區,多數盟友不希望因美國強化軍力部署引發地區不穩定局勢,對美國的軍事合作及前沿部署計劃表態謹慎甚至冷淡。在歐洲地區,俄周邊國家積極推動美國軍事力量進駐,意圖以美軍為依托構建安全屏障。

On the other hand, the US military has the ambition but lacks the capability. European media reported that the GRP requires the US to have the capability to fight two wars in Asia and Europe at the same time. Based on the current level of combat readiness and armament construction, the US can't even deal with one and a half wars, let alone winning two wars. The GRP may drag the US military into the trap of military superstition, making it be stuck in a bottleneck of construction and development.

另一方面,美軍“有心無力”。歐洲媒體稱,報告要求美國具備在亞洲和歐洲同時打兩場戰爭的能力。結合當前的戰備水平和軍備建設情況,美軍連應付“一場半戰爭”都捉襟見肘,更遑論打贏“兩場戰爭”。報告或將美軍拖入“技術崇拜”“軍力迷信”和“全球響應”陷阱,讓美軍在疲于奔命中進入建設發展瓶頸,整體實力持續下滑。

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